Methods of Firemaking

January 23, iStock Pi Day isn’t until March 14, but there’s another pie-centric holiday on the calendar. Pie Day falls on January 23, and we’re sharing our picks for the best pie in every state. Greensboro, Alabama This trendy community space serves fried chicken salads and various wraps and paninis, but the highlight are their pies, made with exceptionally buttery crusts. Have a slice of coconut cream or chocolate chess pie while you enjoy good conversation and a friendly vibe. And if you have a hankering for a real taste of home, chef Seaborn Whatley says they’ll even try to duplicate an old family favorite if you happen to have your grandmother’s recipe book on hand. Anchorage, Alaska The Bear Tooth Theatrepub is more than a dine-in movie theater—it’s also a restaurant, draft brewery, and concert venue all in one. But after you’ve finished off some fresh Alaskan fish tacos, save room for the caramel turtle fudge ice cream pie. Made with an Oreo cookie crust, the pie manages to perfectly balance chocolate fudge, vanilla ice cream, and smooth caramel. Mesa, Arizona This pie-only bakery focuses on top-notch ingredients such as fresh whipped cream, wild blueberries, and bars of authentic Belgian chocolate.

Feminism in Literature Women in the Early to Mid-20th Century (1900-1960) – Essay

The following gives an overview of the historical development of the game of golf over the centuries to today. PRE An insight into golf as it was in the distant past. Pangea for example, as described by Roman scribes, would appear to be the father both of modern hockey and the Celtic games of Shinty and Hurling.

Truman Gibson was an African American businessman, attorney, government advisor, and boxing promoter. Gibson, the son of an insurance executive, was born on January 22, in Atlanta, Georgia.

This textile is usually only found in historic books, museums or antique homes that one would tour This extraordinary and rare Candlewick Spread is almost years old. Because of the age, one can understand why there are so few of these in existence. Created with cotton thread on a very fine linen fabric; the handwork is breathtakingly beautiful. The body of the spread is in perfect condition. The fishnet edging needs some restoration, which we can do.

At this point I have only hand washed it.

Flatlining 19th Century Skirts

Since this shirt was first copied from 18th Century British shirts, it remained relatively unchanged. But, prior to , it was hand sewn with needle and thread. After , use a sewing machine with relatively wide stitches, to simulate the old hand-crankers.

Posts about 19th Century written by Carrie. I still need to work on accessorizing our ensemble with a child size bonnet, some boots, and perhaps a dainty collar, but Miss M looked lovely just as she was for our event two years ago!

Making Sense of English Law Enforcement in the 18th Century David Friedman The criminal justice system of England in the 18th century presents a curious spectacle to an observer more familiar with modern institutions. The two most striking anomalies are the institutions for prosecuting offenders and the range of punishments. Prosecution of almost all criminal offenses was private, usually by the victim. Intermediate punishments for serious offenses were strikingly absent.

It is only a slight exaggeration to say that, in the early years of the century, English courts imposed only two sentences on convicted felons. Either they turned them loose or they hanged them. In parts III, IV and V I argue that, contrary to the view of almost all modern commentators and many contemporary ones, these institutions may have made considerable sense. The shift in the early 19th century towards punishment by imprisonment and law enforcement by paid police, and the later shift to public prosecution, were driven by discontent with the performance of the existing institutions.

But it is far from clear whether that discontent was justified. I will argue that both contemporary critics and modern historians have missed important elements in the logic of the system of private prosecution, elements that help explain why it lasted as long as it did and worked as well as it did. The Private Prosecution of Crime England in the 18th century had no public officials corresponding to either police or district attorneys.

Constables were unpaid and played only a minor role in law enforcement.

The EU still represents a bulwark against the corruption of 19th-century trade

Brass barrels were core castings. There are several ways to weld a tube but the simplest and one most commonly found on longrifle barrels is a single butt-welded seam running lengthwise. That is what will be described in this article. The first step is to create a skelp from a bar of wrought iron. Barrel making demo for a Learning Weekend in February, After forging in the desired taper the skelp if “fullered up” forged in a swage block with a top tool called a fuller that is struck by a sledge to produce a U shape from end to end.

Beginning in the middle, edges of the skelp are forged over until the contact each other in an area about 2 inches long.

in 19th Century Seminole Men`s Clothing Rick Obermeyer ~ Editor If absolute authenticity is a main concern, you’ll need settle on a time period for construction.

Vintage tatting shuttles from the early twentieth century. Newer type of shuttle with hook. Tatting with a shuttle is the earliest method of creating tatted lace. A tatting shuttle facilitates tatting by holding a length of wound thread and guiding it through loops to make the requisite knots. Shuttles often have a point or hook on one end to aid in the construction of the lace. Antique shuttles and unique shuttles have become sought after by collectors — even those who do not tat.

To make the lace, the tatter wraps the thread around one hand and manipulates the shuttle with the other hand. No tools other than the thread, the hands and the shuttle are used, though a crochet hook may be necessary if the shuttle does not have a point or hook. Needle tatting[ edit ] Needle tatting in progress. A completed closed ring of 5ds segments with a picot loop between each is shown.

Another uncompleted loop is still on the needle. Tatting pin Traditional shuttle tatting may be simulated using a tatting needle or doll needle instead of a shuttle.

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Laws of the Game The first set of football rules was drawn up at the University of Cambridge in and became particularly influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. Known as the Cambridge Rules , they were written at Trinity College, Cambridge , at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton , Harrow , Shrewsbury , Rugby and Winchester schools, though they were not universally adopted. During the s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world , to play various forms of football.

Some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club , formed by former public school pupils in , which led to formation of a Sheffield Football Association in

I see all these other costumers making all this amazing stuff, and the few bigger things I’ve managed to make I feel like I need to totally take-apart and re-make to get them to where I want them to be. I just made the front fullness match that of the bodice, and gathered all the rest to match the 17th century 18th century 19th.

Although, there is a time and place for using underlinings or a lining or both. Or even leaving off linings altogether and simply relying on hem facings and petticoats to keep the silhouette in place. Read up on flatlining sleeves as well. But to make a 19th century skirt consists of a little more than just sew the side seams, turn up the hem and stitch, and slap on a waistband.

The basis of underlining is to support your fashion fabric in the hand of the fabric, layers of trim, and the fashionable silhouette. Sometimes your fashion fabric is sturdy enough on its own to not need an extra layer of support. Cotton twill skirt flatlined with stiff cotton organdy to support the hand stitched ruffles on the right side How to Flatline Skirt Panels The process to add an underlining to your skirt is fairly straightforward. To flatline you cut both the fashion fabric and the underlining fabric from the skirt panel pieces.

Then you lay each matching panel together, wrong sides together and baste around the edges. When flatlining skirt panels I recommend only basting the long, vertical edges and leave the waistband and hem edges open. After seaming, those edges can be basted together if needed.

Novels of Nineteenth Century Europe

The basic undergarment for women in the 18th century is the shift, also known as the chemise if you were French or sark if you were Lowland Scots. Shift styles changed over the course of the 18th century, with very full elbow-length sleeves until the middle of the century. For example, look at the shift sleeves in a detail from The Stolen Kiss by Fragonard.

This 19th centurt Charleston mansion (interior design by Carolyn Griffith) is a charmer with 9, square feet and unique attention to detail in every room.

This works out at around 6. While currency subdivisions existed I believe the smallest coin in common use was the farthing , this only gives 26 ‘coins’ to be spent during the course of a day. Assuming a significant portion were expended on rent, how would a labourer buy a single pint of ale? Looking at common wages today, one can assume that pounds a month is the minimum working class salary.

This leaves 2, pence a day, with a pint of milk costing 45p. This kind of value cannot be represented using 19th-century worker’s wages, due to the lack of sufficiently small coins. So did people buy in bulk?

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